There are animals that look like they’ve found Harry Potter’s invisible cloak to protect themselves from predators. Some of them are fully translucent and only a pair of eyes unveils the existence of a creature underneath the glassy skin. The most interesting part is that some of them weren’t born like that as a species, but have evolved their body types to partial or full transparency through the years, like the glass octopus and the glass frog.
At Bright Side we love exploring the wonders of Mother Nature, that is why we’ve collected the most unusual see-through animals that will make you want to touch them with your hands to believe they really do exist.
1. The Transparent Juvenile Surgeonfish
If you are wondering why this beautiful transparent fish looks familiar it’s because it is a member of the Dory family, Nemo’s companion from Finding Nemo. It is a juvenile surgeonfish and its species is called Acanthuridae. They live in tropical seas.
2. The Portuguese Man o’ War
The Portuguese man o’ war or Physalia physalis is not a jellyfish even if it looks like one, it has long tentacles and its sting is extremely painful and poisonous, lethal to both fish and humans. This creature took its name from its strange look. There are several types of man o’ war and the most popular one is the Atlantic Portuguese man o’ war which lives at the surface of the ocean near Portugal.
3. The Glasswing Butterfly
Unlike regular butterflies, this one is transparent instead of having bright colors. It is called Greta oto and is a member of the subfamily Danainae, tribe Ithomiini, and subtribe Godyridina. The glasswing butterfly, as it’s commonly called, uses its transparent wings as camouflage.
4. The Icefish
Chaenocephalus Aceratus is known as the blackfin icefish and it belongs in the crocodile icefish family and it lives mostly in the Antarctic. Its blood is translucent, as is its body, and it has a very weak ossified skeleton and creamy white gills.
5. The Sea Gooseberry
This cute creature that looks like a tiny glass ball is called Pleurobrachia pileus, but it’s is more well-known as the “sea gooseberry” and can be up to 2.5 cm big. It is a comb jelly that lives in open water. Its tentacles are twenty times longer than its body and are used to wrap around its prey.
6. The Ghost Shrimp
Palaemonetes paludosus is a creature best known as the ghost shrimp. It comes from the southeastern United States and is actually a transparent shrimp. It lives in freshwater, mostly in lakes and it feeds on plankton. Their transparency works as a great camouflage for them.
7. A chain of Salpa Maxima creatures bonded together
Salpa maxima is a barrel-shaped planktonic tunicate. Its actual name is just salp. Its gelatinous body structure helps it move by contracting and pumping water through it. Salp live in cold waters and can be seen moving alone or in colonies forming long chains.
8. The Glass Frog
It’s really unusual to think there might be a transparent frog. It does actually exist in the southern USA, it’s called a Glass Frog and is from the amphibian family Centrolenidae. They are usually lime green, however, a large amount of glass frogs are fully transparent and as a result, their organs, like their heart, are visible.
9. The Amphipod Cystisoma Neptuni
Amphipod Cystisoma Neptuni is an Amphipod creature from the deep sea that has a translucent body. Its camouflaged body protects it from predators and can only be seen in pictures because of the flash of the camera.
10. The Immortal Jellyfish or Turritopsis Dohrnii
Turritopsis Dohrnii is probably the most magnificent creature on earth since it’s the only one that is immortal. The immortal jellyfish is an inhabitant of the Mediterranean and Japan. Its life cycle has no maximum unlike any other jellyfish in nature. Researchers are head over heels about this natural miracle.
11. The Glass Octopus or Vitreledonella Richardi
The glass octopus, which is actually called Vitreledonella richardi, might look like a sculpture but it is real. It’s from the Amphitredidae family, it’s gelatinous and fully transparent and it can be found in tropical seas. It also doesn’t get that big with its mantle length varying from 11 to 45 cm.
12. The Pelagic Nudibranch
Pelagic Nudibranch is one of the most famous gastropods. It’s an open-ocean hunter that mirrors a fish in body plan and motion. To capture its victims, which are only jellies, it uses its horn-like rhinophires. It’s rather small in size too with his maximum length reaching only 5.5 cm.
13. The Glass Eel
The European Eels are also called glass eels for obvious reasons. They live in rivers in Europe and their length varies from 60 to 80 cm, while there have been rare cases of 1-1.5 m long eels. They have a long lifespan, especially when captive (80-150 years), but there is no specified expectancy for the wild ones.
14. The Juvenile Cowfish
This beautiful creature is a Juvenile Cowfish. These fish usually live around coral reefs in lagoons and the most interesting fact about them is not just that they are translucent, but also that they mostly float instead of swim.
15. The Golden Tortoise Beetle
This beautiful beetle that looks totally unreal is a Charidotella sexpunctata or as it’s best known, the golden tortoise beetle. It belongs to the leaf beetle family, Chrysomelidae. What is fascinating is that its color changes through the different stages of its life, as it grows, during mating, etc. Adult golden tortoise beetles turn from gold to red when they are stressed.
16. A Sea Angel
Sea Angels, Gymnosomata, or simply sea butterflyfish are mollusks that live in the Arctic Ocean. They are hermaphroditic and feed while fluttering through the water. They are fully transparent with pedal wings that make them look like flying angels when they move.
17. A Glass Squid
Cranchiidae is commonly known as the glass squid. There are about 60 different known species of the Cranchiidae family and their mantle length varies from 10 cm to over 3 m. They have semi-transparent skin which is used as a camouflage to protect them from predators and also help them catch their prey.
18. The Snail with the semi-transparent shell
We are not used to seeing transparent shells, but this snail’s shell is actually almost fully translucent. Its original name is Zospeum tholussum and was very recently discovered in 2013, at the depths of a cave in Croatia. It’s a tiny species with a size of around 3 mm. These glassy snails are usually blind and extremely cute.
Most of these creatures look like they’re from another galaxy. Have you ever encountered any of them? Which one would you like to take a closer look at or maybe touch? Share your thoughts in the comments.
11 Exercises to Fix Rounded Shoulders and Sculpt Beautiful Posture
Modern life takes its toll on our posture when we spend hours sitting and neglect the position of our spine. Poor posture leads to an imbalance in our muscles which means that they can’t support the body properly. Luckily, this can be fixed by doing a set of effective exercises. Moreover, they can help you to reduce back pain, stop headaches, increase energy, and improve circulation and digestion.
Bright Side is ready to help our readers achieve a beautiful and healthy body, and found 11 simple exercises that can be done at home by anyone. At the end we included a small tip, as a bonus for those who enjoy massage.
1. Upper trapezius stretch
It’s better to start from your shoulders first to relax your upper muscles. An upper trapezius stretch is just perfect for this.
Initial position: For this exercise, you can stand or sit on your yoga mat, whatever you like. Keep your head straight.
What to do:
- Slowly move your right ear toward your right shoulder. When you do this, it’s normal that your left shoulder might lift as well. If it does, bring your head back to the initial position and try to relax your left shoulder.
- Put your right hand over your head and place it on your left cheekbone. Don’t push your head down with it, it should just lie there. This will stretch your upper trapezius muscles very gently.
- Calmly breathe and sit in this position for 30 seconds.
- Slowly remove your hand, come back to the initial position and repeat the same on the other side.
The Superman exercise engages your upper and lower back. It helps you fight lower back pain and prevents a curved spine.
Initial position: Lie face down on your stomach, on your yoga mat.
What to do:
- Extend your arms and legs. Keep your neck neutral.
- Keep your torso stationary and lift your arms and legs up toward the ceiling. Try forming a “U” shape with your body.
- Hold the position for 5 seconds, lower your arms and legs, and go back to the initial position.
- Repeat 10 times.
The bridge works out glutes and strengthens the lower back, which is important for good posture.
Initial position: Lie on your yoga mat, bend your knees, and place your feet hip-width apart. Place your arms by your sides.
What to do:
- Engage your buttocks and raise them up, creating a straight line with your body. Your shoulders should be on the floor.
- Hold this position for 10 seconds and slowly lower your body back to the initial position.
- Repeat 15-20 times. Give yourself a rest for 30 seconds after every 5 reps.
4. Reverse shoulder stretch
This is an effective exercise to stretch your back and shoulder muscles and remove tension and pain in them.
Initial position: Stand on a yoga mat, with your feet wider than your shoulders, place your straightened hands behind you, and lock your palms together.
What to do:
- Bring your shoulder blades together and start putting your arms up. Try to feel the tension in your spine and shoulder muscles.
- For more spine stretch bend forward and bring your locked hands up. Hold this position for 10-15 seconds.
- Slowly return back to the initial position.
- Repeat 20 times.
5. Foam roller exercise for upper back
A foam roller will help you to relieve pain in your back muscles, fix rounded shoulders, and improve your overall posture.
Initial position: Get a yoga mat and lie on it with your hips apart and your feet on the floor. Place your foam roller right under your upper middle back, in your shoulder blade area.
What to do:
- Bring your hands behind your head, this will support it. Bring your hips into a bridge pose, and hold your balance, supporting your body with your legs.
- Inhale, push your body from your heels, and roll on your spine. Stop when the roller reaches the top of your shoulder blades.
- Exhale and roll back until the roller reaches the bottom if your rib cage.
- Repeat this for 30-45 seconds.
6. Cat-cow exercise
The cat-cow exercise is perfect for stretching your back, lower spine, and core muscles.
Initial position: Stand on all fours on the yoga mat, place your hands right under your shoulders, and knees and feet hip-width apart. Keep your toes pointing toward your body. Your spine should be natural and straight, no bending or arching.
What to do:
- Cat position: exhale and engage your abdominal muscles. Arch your spine up toward the ceiling, bringing your head to your chest, aligned with your spine. Hold this for 10 seconds.
- Cow position: slowly start bringing your stomach toward the floor and try to feel the tension in your lower back. Bring your shoulder blades together. Hold this for 10 seconds and go back to the initial position.
- Repeat 15 times.
7. Kneeling hip-flexor stretch
The kneeling hip flexor stretch will help to remove tension from your pelvic and lower back muscles.
Initial position: Kneel on a yoga mat, bring your right leg in front of you, and bend it at a 90 degree angle. Your foot is flat on the ground. Support yourself by standing on your left knee that is also bent at 90 degrees.
What to do:
- Slowly start bringing your right knee forward and brace your core. Engage your glutes and keep bringing your hips forward.
- Your left knee is already bent at more than 90 degrees. Keep your spine straight, don’t bend it forward or backward.
- Hold this position for 10 seconds to feel the stretch in the muscles then slowly return to the initial position.
- Repeat 10 times for both sides.
8. Bird dog exercise
Bird dog helps to remove back pain, strengthens the core, and promotes proper posture.
Initial position: Stand on all fours on the yoga mat, your hands under your shoulders and your knees under your hips. Your spine should be straight and neutral.
What to do:
- Raise your right hand and your left leg at the same time, bringing them parallel to the floor.
- As you do this, lengthen your neck and bring your chin to your chest. Look down at the floor and remain like this for 10 seconds.
- Return to the starting position and then repeat the same exercise with your left hand and right leg.
- Repeat 10-15 times.
9. Forearm plank
Plank is not only effective at burning fat, but it also helps to strengthen the spine muscles, it prevents back pain, and it helps to improve your posture.
Initial position: Place your forearms on the yoga mat and align your elbows below your shoulders. Your arms should be parallel to your body at about shoulder-width distance.
What to do:
- You can clasp your hands together for more comfort. Correct your neck and spine by looking at one spot on the floor somewhere about 30 centimeters in front of your hands.
- Pay attention, so that your head is in line with your back.
- Hold this position for 20 seconds.
10. T-Spine windmill stretch
The t-spine windmill stretch can help you fight pain and tension in your lower back and trunk. Moreover, it works out your shoulder muscles.
Initial position: Lie on your side on a yoga mat and bend your knees and hips at 90 degrees. Extend and stack your arms together on your right side.
What to do:
- Raise your left arm up and then place it out to the left, opening your body up. Right now, your shoulder blades should be on the floor and your legs should remain in the same position.
- Hold it for a couple of seconds and return to your initial position.
- Do 30 repetitions on each side.
11. Tight shoulder massage
A simple tennis ball can help you to remove pain in your shoulders in different areas and relax them. All you need here is a tennis ball and a wall.
Initial position: Stand next to the wall and face it. Place a tennis ball on the wall and lean on it. Your chest should push the ball inside your shoulder.
What to do:
- Start making a circular movement around this muscle and try to find a trigger point.
- Hold a ball on this point until you feel that the tension and pain are gone.
- Keep doing this until you relax all of your trigger points.
- Repeat on the other shoulder.
Bonus: Thai massage is amazing for your back and shoulders.
Thai massage is an ancient form of massage that uses stretching and gentle pressure on the body to relieve muscle and joint pain, and balance your body. This massage helps to make muscles more flexible and removes chronic stiffness. For better results in achieving a healthy back and good posture, you can try this type of massage, focusing on your spine muscles.
Exercises can be effective, but it’s also important to pay attention to your posture throughout the day and strive to keep your spine straight. Do you have good posture? Maybe, you have a couple of exercises that help you relieve back and shoulder pain? Let’s share in the comments!
Illustrated by Alena Tsarkova and Marat Nugumanov for BrightSide.me
8 Top Technology Trends To Watch In China
This is a preview of 2019 Technology Trends Report in China from Business Insider Intelligence and EqualOcean. Chinese high tech firms have been leading the way in innovation for many technologies, such as 5G. These technologies are either currently undergoing or about to undergo major phases of change.
View at DailyMotion
Why Iran is attacking oil tankers in the Strait of Hormuz
The Strait of Hormuz is a narrow waterway that lies between Iran and Oman. Dozens of tankers carry oil through the 21-mile-wide passage each day. This flow of oil represents 20 percent of the world’s supply.
Most of the tankers traveling through the Strait of Hormuz are bound for Asia. But an attack on any tanker there, regardless of its destination, can affect the price of oil everywhere. That’s because oil is a globally traded product — a drop in supply from the Persian Gulf can drive up prices from other sources around the world. After two tankers were attacked in June, the price of Brent Crude — oil sourced from the North Sea — jumped by nearly $2 per barrel.
The attacks in June weren’t the only incidents in Hormuz in recent months. Several other oil tankers have been seized, attacked, and harassed. These tankers — and this narrow water passage — have become a center of conflict between the US and Iran. It’s a conflict with the potential to escalate in one of the world’s most important oil chokepoints, sending the global economy into a tailspin.
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